It is important to experiment when defining the structure of the song, listed below a various commonly used structures, this is often the best pace to start a song structure. It is not uncommon for a songwriter to mainly use one the works for them based on there personal appeal, but is also good practice to try others as it is not uncommon for a songwriter to add another section or get rid of one, just to make a song flow better. this is often subjective to the listener and may vary from person to person. It is often good practice to have a perspective, less is more. especially nowadays when peoples concentration span is shorter than its ever been. Keep a song flowing add what you can to keep repeated sections more interesting or slightly different from the last and perceive a song in itself as a progression of mood, thought and feeling to an ultimate conclusion of sorts in the story being communicated through the medium of music.
Intro - Verse - Pre Chorus - Chorus - Verse 2 - Pre Chorus - Chorus - Middle 8/Bridge - Chorus x2 - End
Chorus/intro - Verse - Chorus - Verse 2 - Chorus - Breakdown/Bridge/Solo - Chorus x2 - Outro - End
JOHN LENNON STYLE:
Intro - Verse1 - Pre chorus - Verse 2 - Pre Chorus - Chorus - Verse 3 - Pre Chorus - Chorus - End
intro- verse 1 - chorus - Verse 2 - Chorus - Stabs - Solo/Build - Breakdown/Verse 3 - Quite Chorus - Build/Stabs - Chorus X2 - Outro - End
When considering the arrangement of a song it is first important to have a good idea of what you feel is appropriate for the song, but it is also to leave a little room for experimentation as often good ideas can be discovered. Layering is important to help the dynamics of a song develop between different section, for example it is typical for the dynamic and instrumentation to increase for a chorus of a song and typical to die down for a verse. These are good things to bare in mind when considering arrangement but as always, the rules are there to be broken and it is not uncommon for people to go against the norm. This can often bring about promising results outside of your typical Songwriting approaches.
SPACING & SEPERATION:
Too much going on at any one time during a song, can be a distraction from the main melody and/or point/message of the song. It is important therefore to consider spacing and separation between each of the aspects of an arrangement, in order to allow the song to flow and progress accordingly whilst allowing the listener to take the song in accordingly. When something is too busy in arrangement, it can often be confusing and/or hard for the listener to understand what the are listening to straight away or each part can become distracting from another. It is often best to start simple and be subtle but try to play to the strengths of the initial ideas.
REPETITION & SPOILERS
It is not uncommon to place later hooky elements of a song at early points in the song acting as a taste of what's to come. It is not uncommon therefore to adapt it slightly as to not give the full picture. This can be demonstrated through lead guitars and vocals particularly.
Arrangement is particularly important when cyclical song writing. Cyclical song writing is a song written around on repeat series of chords. Hence why arrangement is particularly important to make each section of song change and develop through the joining of other instruments and the dropping out, as well as a changing vocal line between chorus and verses etc.
What isntruments do you think will lend well to your song? Is it fast paced and heavy? Is is slow and intimate. Is a acoustic organic approach more suitable? or maybe a more elctronic, sample based or synthetic sound would be appropriate. As much as it is important to decide on the arrangement of the instruments and parts, it is first important to have a good idea of the style of song and the instruments that would be appropriate to it. It is also good practice to experiement with instruments and try applying things in unusual ways in order to create something more unique. It all depends on where you are coming from as a songwriter.
Tracks can be rewritten, modified and remixed. Why not try playing a song in a different style/genre. Try changing the instrumentation in the song or play parts on different instruments. Sometimes a reinterpretation can turn out better or more popular than the original. Simply changing the drums in a song can change the sound and feel of the song completely.